What is prediabetes?
Before Diabetes Symptoms develops, especially type 2, there are the first symptoms of prediabetes. This may also refer to ‘borderline diabetes’ or ‘decreased fasting glucose or glucose intolerance’. This mean that your blood sugar level is higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnose as diabetes and not high enough to be treat.
Pre diabetes affects millions of people worldwide
Pre diabetes affects millions of people worldwide, and in addition to being a precursor to full-blown diabetes, it has the ability to cause more damage to the heart and circulatory system than diabetes. However, there are ways to determine if diabetes is developing. And by doing so you can prevent diabetes from taking hold. Preventive measures include a dietary diabetes and loss of 5% to 7% of body weight. Exercise also plays an important role and should cover 30 minutes a day five days a week.
It is not common for people under 45 to be test for prediabetes. But if you are overweight, it is a good idea or if you have a family history of diabetes. There are also other health conditions that can contribute to diabetes. Test should be perform approximately every three years. But if you have been diagnosed with prediabetes, you should have an annual test.
It is a sad fact that most people do not know they have prediabetes until they are dangerously close to diabetes. Symptoms of prediabetes include higher than normal blood sugar.
However, most people do not show symptoms of prediabetes. But it is scientifically know that apart from high blood sugar, unusual thirst, extreme fatigue, frequent urination and blurr vision can be signs of signs.
In order for your doctor to determine if you have prediabetes or not, he performs two different tests. One is call the “fasting plasma glucose test”. And the other is the “oral glucose test.” The fast glucose or FPG test can only be tested after total abstinence from food or beverage other than water for a period of 8 hours. If your levels are abnormal after this fast, it means that your body cannot metabolize glucose properly.
The oral glucose test measure your response to sugar and is perform only when the FPG test is perform. A glucose solution is give orally, and after a period of approx. The blood sugar level is test for 2 hours. Normal levels are less than 140 mg / dL, while levels between this amount and 199 mg / dL suggest prediabetes. If your levels are above 200 mg / dL, you may have already developed full-blown diabetes.
Who should be test?
If you are overweight with a body mass index greater than 25
you have a family history of diabetes.
If you are over 45 years old
Its you belong to high-risk ethnic groups that are Indians, Africans, Pacific Islanders or Latinos
If you have given birth to a baby who weighs more than 9 pounds
you have had gestational diabetes
If you have had an abnormal blood sugar level in the past.
you have high cholesterol, hypertension or high triglycerides or
If you live a sedentary life
Prediabetes is a warning sign
Doctors use the term prediabetes to explain warning signs of diabetes. But they also explain it as a decreased glucose tolerance found in type 2 diabetes mellitus.
It is a mistake to think that because you have a family history of diabetes, you will develop it yourself. Everyone’s behaviors, lifestyles and habits are different, which means it can be prevented. Diabetes is not a gene. The key is prevention rather than reaction. Changing eating habits and lifestyle habits is not easy and that is why many blame hereditary factors.
Early symptoms such as prediabetes, while alarming, can be misleading. Extreme thirst, excessive fatigue and frequent urination may be possible without the risk of diabetes, as these symptom are also associate with high blood pressure and high cholesterol. However, prevention is better than cure. If you have symptoms, it makes sense to have them checked out. By doing so, you will be able to rest or give yourself a chance to change your lifestyle before diabetes takes over.